62nd Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and by PDF

This quantity is a part of the Ceramic Engineering and technological know-how continuing  (CESP) series.  This sequence encompasses a selection of papers facing concerns in either conventional ceramics (i.e., glass, whitewares, refractories, and porcelain teeth) and complex ceramics. subject matters coated within the quarter of complicated ceramic contain bioceramics, nanomaterials, composites, good oxide gas cells, mechanical homes and structural layout, complicated ceramic coatings, ceramic armor, porous ceramics, and more.

Content:
Chapter 1 useful Examples and merits of complex regulate functions by way of professional process ESII (pages 2–19): Erik Muysenberg, Josef Chmelar, Robert Bodi and Frantisek Matustik
Chapter 2 the right way to follow Statistical and Model?Based keep an eye on applied sciences to Glass production (pages 21–26): Steve Nixon
Chapter three On?Line Redox Sensors in commercial Glass Melting Tanks (pages 27–44): Paul R. Laimbock, Ruud G. C. Beerkens and John van der Schaaf
Chapter four GlassExpert: A software program kinfolk for bettering caliber and adaptability in Glass vegetation (pages 45–58): Stefan Bergold
Chapter five Knots: research and Minimization in High?Quality Glasses (pages 59–82): okay. R. Selkregg and A. Gupta
Chapter 6 Glass Melting expertise of the long run: A undertaking of the Glass production Council (pages 84–92): Christopher Q. Jian, Warren W. Wolf and Michael Greenman
Chapter 7 power potency Benchmarking of Glass Furnaces (pages 93–105): Ruud G. C. Beerkens and Johannes van Limpt
Chapter eight The BOC Convective Glass Melting procedure (pages 107–118): John Leblanc, Richard Marshall, Greg Prusia, Tom Clayton, Andrew Richardson and Neil Simpson
Chapter nine Environmental advantages and lower price (pages 119–134): Kevin A. Lievre and Russell J. Hewertson
Chapter 10 A comparability of Oxygen?Enhanced Combustion applied sciences (pages 135–151): Bryan C. Hoke and Julian L. Inskip
Chapter eleven deploy of a brand new Burner know-how in a flow Furnace (pages 153–160): Andrew McIver, Ernie Curley, Richard Valtierra and Pat Watson
Chapter 12 power intake within the Feeder Forehearth (pages 161–174): L.J.R. Gaskell
Chapter thirteen New Fused solid Refractories for Glass Furnace Regenerators (pages 176–183): Michele M. Miller, Michel Gaubil, Thierry Colozzi, Frederic Pomar, Yves Boussant?Roux and Oliver Citti
Chapter 14 scorching backside Repairing for Glass Furnaces (pages 185–192): Rafael Hierro Gorostiola, Robert D. Chambers and Kevin Pendleton
Chapter 15 Glass touch software of High?Chrome Refractories in Soda?Lime Glass Melters (pages 193–210): Jacques Guigonis, Jack Larry, Chuck McGarry and Mike Nelson
Chapter sixteen Formation of Boundary Layers on various Refractories in Glass Melts (pages 211–226): M. Dunkl, Amul Gupta and Kevin Selkregg
Chapter 17 The Glass production Council in Its Fourth 12 months (pages 226–234): Michael Greenman
Chapter 18 ecu IPPC Directive 96/61/EC: top on hand ideas for lowering the Environmental influence of the Glass (pages 235–246): Bianca Maria Scalet

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Extra info for 62nd Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 23, Issue 1

Sample text

The next step in the advancement of ProfileExpert is the development of a full quality control system for forehearths. Therefore measurement of the quality of the glass from or in the forehearths is required. The viscosity determines the quality of glass. Excellent viscosity sensors are available in today's market. It is known that besides a constant temperature profile at the outlet of a forehearth, the viscosity can fluctuate because of raw material composition fluctuations and other influences.

Long-term drifts in bottom temperatures were removed and the fluctuations are minimized. Figure 9 shows the controller performance of ProfileExpert on a 90 t/day TV feeder. 3"C and a dedicated temperature profile over the depth of the glass at the outlet of the feeder was applied. 5%, fewer rejects, typical savings of $250 000/year. Tubing line automatic product changeover: Increased production time within specification, flexibility (faster reaction to market demands and therefore better average price per kg), typical savings of $50 000 per year.

Measuring Principle The determination of the partial oxygen pressure or oxygen activity of the glass melt is based on the electrochemical cell principle. Figure 1 (a) depicts a schematic cross section of the sensor that has been applied in the present 28 I Connector Wires (TC, EMF) I core B Zirconia Alumina Reference Electrode (Ni/NiO) Thermocouple Pt-Measuring electrode Figure I. Schematic view of a cross section of the sensor (a) and the industrial applicable setup, using a water-cooled lance (b).

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