This quantity is a part of the Ceramic Engineering and technology continuing (CESP) series. This sequence encompasses a choice of papers facing matters in either conventional ceramics (i.e., glass, whitewares, refractories, and porcelain tooth) and complex ceramics. issues lined within the zone of complex ceramic contain bioceramics, nanomaterials, composites, good oxide gas cells, mechanical homes and structural layout, complicated ceramic coatings, ceramic armor, porous ceramics, and more.
Chapter 1 Philosophy, layout, and function of Oxy?Fuel Furnaces (pages 1–14): Marvin Gridley
Chapter 2 In?Situ checking out of Superstructure Refractories (pages 15–28): Don Shamp
Chapter three improvement and Implementation of a Three?Dimensional Combustion Code to be used in Glass Melting Furnaces (pages 29–42): ok. L. Jorgensen, S. Ramadhyani, R. Viskanta and L. W. Donaldson
Chapter four Demonstration of Cost?Effective NOx aid on a Regenerative Sideport Glass Furnace utilizing Oxygen?Enriched Air Staging (pages 43–59): P. Mohr, D. Neff, D. Rue, H. Abbasi, J. Li and S. Hope
Chapter five Pilkington 3R expertise: An replace (pages 60–65): I. N. W. Shulver and R. Quirk
Chapter 6 uncooked fabrics for fundamental Glass Manufacture (pages 66–75): Paul F. Guttmann
Chapter 7 uniqueness Glass uncooked fabrics: prestige and advancements (pages 76–86): Richard J. Bauer and Sandra L. Gray
Chapter eight replace at the Glass of the longer term (pages 87–94): Theodore R. Johnson
Chapter nine power Benchmarking: a device for carrying on with strategy development for the Glass (pages 95–108): C. Philip Ross
Chapter 10 Refractory Corrosion lower than Oxy?Fuel Firing stipulations (pages 109–119): A. J. Faberand and O. S. Verheijen
Chapter eleven Glass Furnace NOx regulate with gasoline Reburn: the sphere try (pages 120–135): Richard Koppang, Antonio Marquez, David Moyeda, Michael Joshi, Patrick Mohr and Roger Madrazo
Chapter 12 trying out of Superstructure Refractories in a Gas?Oxy surroundings opposed to High?Alkali Glasses (pages 136–145): L. H. Kotacska and T. J. Cooper
Chapter thirteen choice of optimal Refractories for the Superstructure of Oxy?Fuel Glass Melting Furnaces (pages 146–163): Gerard Duvierre, Alain Zanoli, Yves Boussant?Roux and Mike Nelson
Chapter 14 Stabilizing Distressed Glass Furnace Melter Crowns (pages 164–179): Laura A. Lowe, John Wosinski and Gene Davis
Chapter 15 Refractory Corrosion habit lower than Air?Fuel and Oxy?Fuel Environments (pages 180–207): H. T. Godard, L. H. Kotacska, J. F. Wosinski, S. M. Winder, A. Gupta, okay. R. Selkregg and S. Gould
Chapter sixteen selection of hint Impurities in a Furnace surroundings at working Temperature (pages 208–215): Stephen S. C. Tong, John T. Brown and Lawrence H. Koiacska
Chapter 17 Molybdenum/Fused solid AZS fabric for severe components in Glass Melting Tanks (pages 216–224): M. Dunkl, A. Fantinel, G. Dinelli and R. Tognon
Chapter 18 Chromic Oxide Blocks to be used within the Glass box (pages 225–238): F. Gebhardt, G. Boymanns, E. Goerenz, H. Ebigt and G. Frohlich
Chapter 19 Low Emissions from Endport Furnaces (pages 239–250): T. J. Harper
Chapter 20 Regenerative Oxygen warmth restoration for more desirable Oxy?Fuel Glass Melter potency (pages 251–265): Richard Browning and James Nabors
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Extra info for A Collection of Papers Presented at the 57th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 1
Eng. Sci. ~ Turbulent fluctuations are accounted for by solving a conservation equation for mixture fraction variance. The mixture fraction and mixture fraction variance together define an assumed, clipped-Gaussian probability density function (PDF). Time-mean values of the gas properties are calculated by integrating the equations over the PDF. The details of this procedure have been documented by several previous individuals. 1,6 Radiation Heat Transfer Radiation heat transfer is the dominant mode of heat transfer in gas-fired glass melting furnaces.
Figure 21. Figure 22. Figure 23. Figure 24. We also tested Durital on the exhaust port sill of the 9212 oxy-fuel furnace. Figure 28 clearly shows corrosion, erosion, and condensation attack on the colder end (to the left in the figure). Ceram. Eng. Sci. , 18 [11 (1997) 23 Figure 25. Figure 26. Figure 27. Figure 28. Figure 29 shows again that this test procedure can be used for several applications. In this sample we are testing mortar as well as refractory. A saw cut was made in the sample and then packed with 342 mortar.
For 80% NO, reduction, conversion to oxy-fuel firing is the only technology available. The OEAS technology is an excellent choice if 50-75% NO, reduction is needed. The OEAS cost in dollars per ton of glass is optimum at 60% NO, reduction. There may be cost increases in dollars per ton of glass at lower NO, abatement levels since optimum eficiency may not be maintained. An additional NO, abatement cost consideration in selecting OEAS is the impact o f secondary oxidant and air staging options. Several air staging options are available for secondary oxidant injection, and oxidant can be supplied by ambient air, compressed air, hot air, or oxygen-enriched hot or ambient air.