By Neil H. Donahue
Greater than the other avant-garde move, German Expressionism captures the progressive depth of twentieth-century modernity in all its contrasts and conflicts. In non-stop eruptions from 1905 to 1925, Expressionism dissatisfied reigning practices within the arts: in its such a lot consultant style of portray and the visible arts, strong figurations and dynamic abstractions supplanted placid realism, and a palette of vividly luminescent colours eclipsed subdued earth tones. In literature, the switch used to be both stark: a heady intellectualism mixed with dramatic gesture, photograph visions, exuberant feelings and pressing proclamations --along with a brand new feel of the unexplored efficiency and capability of uncooked language -- to forge forceful varieties of verbal expression. Expressionism brought into artwork, either visible and verbal, a surprisingly new depth with many aspects and lots of faces. This quantity offers German Expressionism by way of its literature, that's some distance much less identified within the English-speaking international, with essays through prime students on Expressionism's philosophical origins, its thematic preoccupations, and its divergent stylistic manifestations in and throughout diversified genres by means of writers whose universal bond is depth and whose traces at the web page learn just like the gouges of a woodcut. An interdisciplinary part addresses Expressionism's gender family, how ladies seemed within the literature after which disappeared from literary historical past, and the way the cultured impulses of Expressionism entered into movie as a brand new expertise of expression, a brand new type of visible narrative. This quantity demonstrates how, among its origins in philosophy and its afterlife in movie, Expressionism's aesthetic energies stretched and revised the bounds of traditional literary genres into significantly new and diversified kinds: in lots of methods, the margins are valuable to the experimental artwork of Expressionism. This quantity good points figures corresponding to Georg Kaiser, Walter Hasenclever, and Ernst Toller in drama; Gottfried Benn, Georg Heym, Else Lasker-Sch?ler, and Georg Trakl in poetry; Alfred D?blin, Carl Einstein, and Carl Sternheim in prose, to call quite a few. opposed to the heritage of the journals, exhibitions, and anthologies, the caf? assembly areas and public lifetime of Expressionism, the volume's hugely targeted, intrinsic analyses of texts and accomplished overviews of extrinsic contexts (and of the main updated examine) exhibits the fervor and complexity of the interval and its effulgent literary formations. Neil H. Donahue is Professor of German and Comparative Literature at Hofstra college.
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Additional info for A Companion to the Literature of German Expressionism (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
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Literatur-Revolution, 1910–1925: Dokumente, Manifeste, Programme. Neuwied am Rhein: Luchterhand, 1961. Raabe, Paul. Die Autoren und Bücher des literarischen Expressionismus. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1985. ———, ed. Expressionismus: Aufzeichnungen und Erinnerungen der Zeitgenossen. Olten: Walter, 1965. In English: The Era of German Expressionism. Trans. J. M. Ritchie. London: Calder & Boyers, 1974; Dallas: Riverrun Press, 1980. Rigby, Ida Katherine. An alle Künstler! War-Revolution-Weimar: German Expressionist Prints: Drawings, Posters, and Periodicals from the Robert Gore Rifkind Foundation.