New PDF release: A short history of the Wars of the Roses

By David Grummitt

The Wars of the Roses (c. 1450-85) are popular as an infamously savage and tangled slice of English heritage. A bloody thirty-year fight among the dynastic homes of Lancaster and York, they embraced localized vendetta (such because the sour northern feud among the Percies and Nevilles) in addition to the formal conflict of royalist and insurgent armies at St Albans, Ludford Bridge, Mortimer's move, Towton, Tewkesbury and eventually Bosworth, whilst the usurping Yorkist king Richard was once overwhelmed via Henry Tudor. strong personalities dominate the interval: the charismatic and enigmatic Richard III, immortalized through Shakespeare; the slippery Warwick, "the kingmaker," who ultimately over-reached ambition to be diminish on the conflict of Barnet; and guileful girls like Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret of Anjou, who for a time governed the dominion in her husband's stead. David Grummitt areas the violent occasions of this complicated time within the wider context of fifteenth-century kingship and the improvement of English political tradition. by no means wasting sight of the aggravating impression of struggle at the lives of these who both fought in or have been touched by means of conflict, this attractive new heritage will make compelling analyzing for college kids of the overdue medieval interval and Tudor England, in addition to for basic readers.

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Edward IV taken into captivity by the Earl of Warwick. xxxvii IBT049˚— Wars of the Roses:Layout 1 14/9/12 16:20 Page xxxviii David Grummitt 1470 1471 12 March: Lincolnshire rebels, supported by the Earl of Warwick and Edward IV’s brother, the Duke of Clarence, defeated by royal forces at Losecote Field. 9 April: Warwick and Clarence flee to France where Warwick is reconciled with Margaret of Anjou and agrees to restore Henry VI to the throne. 13 September: Warwick invades England, Edward flees to the Low Countries, and Henry VI’s Readeption begins on 6 October.

Elevated to the peerage by Edward IV, he was one of the Earl of Warwick’s closest supporters during the 1460s and died fighting for the restored Lancastrian regime at the Battle of Tewkesbury in May 1471. Woodville, Sir Richard (d. 1469), 1st Earl Rivers. A long-standing servant of the House of Lancaster who married Jaquetta of Luxembourg (d. 1472), the widow of John, Duke of Bedford, his fortunes were transformed by the marriage of his daughter, Elizabeth (d. 1497), Queen of England, to Edward IV in 1464.

French reconquest of Normandy after five years of truce. English defeat in Normandy, murder of the Henry VI’s leading councillor, the Duke of Suffolk, and Cade’s Rebellion against the king’s ‘evil counsellors’. Return to political prominence of Richard, Duke of York. 22 May: first Battle of St Albans. Death of the Duke of Somerset, the Earl of Northumberland and Lord Clifford at the hands of the Duke of York and his allies. 25 March: ‘The Loveday’ at St Pauls. Henry VI and the moderate lords attempt to reconcile the factions led by the Duke of York and Queen Margaret of Anjou.

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