By Dr. Vern L. Bengtson PhD
During this quantity special students discover and practice the theoretical types of continuity and discontinuity to their learn in grownup improvement. The chapters deal with different ways that continuity is tormented by swap over the existence direction, in addition to how contributors negotiate and preserve the most important continuities by way of adaptive switch. subject matters contain grownup lifestyles crises, disease, sibling relationships, and gender id. each one bankruptcy is via an insightful remark. This e-book is a tribute to Bernice L. Neugarten for her contributions to the sector of grownup improvement, which include the concept that of continuities. members comprise W. Andrew Achenbaum, Robert H. Binstock, James Birren, Bertram J. Cohler, Margaret Hellie Huyck, Boaz Kahana, Eva Kahana, Sheldon S. Tobin, Lillian E. Troll, Steven H. Zarit, and others.
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Additional info for Adulthood and Aging: Research on Continuities and Discontinuities
Proactivity is seen as playing an important role in preventive as well as corrective actions in response to stress. According to this model, even physically frail or impaired older persons have the potential for successfully responding to stresses by modifying their activities or environment. On the surface, the concept of proactive response to stress may appear paradoxical. The stress is, in fact, the stimulus that activates adaptive responses. Nevertheless, these adaptations may reflect creative problem solving when the older person proactively shapes the environment.
Health promotion plays a potentially important role in reducing the risk or postponing the onset of illness and frailty. Physical activity in the elderly is associated with a host of health and rehabilitative benefits (Sallis, Haskell, & Fortmann, 1986; Surgeon General's Workshop on Health Promotion and Aging, 1987). Health promotion practices such as regular exercise, healthful diets, and substance avoidance have been shown to reduce the risks of disease and impairment (Guralnik & Kaplan, 1989).
Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. , & Gottlieb, L. (1991). Charting the developmental trajectories to schizophrenia. In D. Cicchetti & Sheree L. ), Modes and integrations: Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology (Vol. 3, pp. 185-206). Rochester: University of Rochester Press. , & Steinhauer, S. (1983). The metamorphosis of schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 13, 551-571. , & Spring, B. (1977). Vulnerability—A new view of schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 86, 103-126.