By Kai Bird, Martin J. Sherwin
J. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER was once the main well-known scientist of his new release and one of many iconic figures of the 20 th century. often stated as “the father of the atomic bomb,” he led the trouble to trap for his state the hearth of the solar in a time of battle, and in doing so, grew to become the very embodiment of recent guy confronting the results of medical progress.
In stark distinction to his paintings that placed the USA within the leading edge of the nuclear hands race, Oppenheimer fought to have foreign controls put on all atomic fabrics. He antagonistic the advance of the hydrogen bomb, and he criticized the Air Force’s plans to struggle an infinitely harmful nuclear battle. within the now almost-forgotten hysteria of the early Nineteen Fifties, his rules have been anathema to robust advocates of a tremendous nuclear buildup, and, in reaction, Atomic power fee chairman Lewis Strauss, Superbomb suggest Edward Teller, and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover labored backstage to have a listening to board locate that Oppenheimer couldn't be depended on with America’s nuclear secrets.
In American Prometheus, Kai poultry and Martin J. Sherwin current Oppenheimer’s existence and instances in revealing and remarkable element. 1 / 4 century within the making, the publication relies on hundreds of thousands of documents and letters accumulated from files in the United States and out of the country, on sizeable FBI records, and on with reference to 100 interviews with Oppenheimer’s associates, kinfolk, and co-workers. Exhaustively researched and masterfully written, it truly is instantly heritage and biography, a galvanizing portrait and a cautionary story.
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Additional info for American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Since this was available before 1590 and figures prominently in Mazzoni's Praeludia, it seems reasonable to suppose that Benedetti's text was itself the object of Galileo's study with Mazzoni referred to in the letter to his father. As I have pointed out elsewhere (Wallace 1987), Benedetti's basic disagreement with Aristotle was over the latter's not using mathematical principles and methods in the study of nature, a theme recurring in both Mazzoni and Galileo. Benedetti's work likewise abounds in suppositions and thought experiments, many of which are similar to Galileo's, and he, like Galileo, is particularly intent on discovering the causes of various properties of local motion - what they both call the verae causae, the true causes, as opposed to those proposed by Aristotle.
Of the remainder, and particularly the last four, he never doubted their apodictic character. Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 50 THE CAMBRIDGE COMPANION TO GALILEO There remains now a final consideration, namely, whether Galileo's use of demonstrative techniques terminated in 1610 at the end of his early period or whether it extended into the other periods as well. There are excellent reasons to prefer the second alternative, especially when one sees Galileo as amending the Manuscript 27 doctrine to make of it a logic of discovery that can employ probable arguments as well as demonstrative proofs.
Shea (1972), the chronology of Galileo's life is now commonly divided into three periods - the early period, from his birth in 1564 to I 6 I O ; the middle period, from 1610 to 1632; and the later period, from 1632 to his death in 1642. 3 The pioneering study of the sources of Galileo's natural philosophy was that of Alistair Crombie (1975), who first discerned its connection with teachings of the Jesuits. He followed that essay with a study of the place of mathematics and Platonism in Jesuit educational policy (1977) and then with a fuller examination of Jesuit ideas of science and of nature that are reflected in Galileo's writings, which he coauthored with his student Adriano Carugo (1983).